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Pisandrou Street, P. Tsaldari Street and Grigoriou V Street surround the stadium. Ruins dating back to the Mycenaean period and a tomb from the Greek Dark Ages were discovered southwest of the church of Agios Panteleimonas. Two ancient paved roads cross the archaeological site. The first one started at the ancient port leading to the gymnasium of Xysto and the second one is parallel to Grigoriou V Street heading from east to west. The gymnasium of Xysto was the biggest of the ancient town. Today only 17 restored columns exist out of 80 that the gymnasium used to have. The name of Xysto (=done by scraping) comes from the habit of the athletes to scrape off the oil that they anointed their bodies with before the game.

The Asclepeion

It is the most important tourist attraction of the island and one of the most important archaeological destinations in Greece. The most famous among the 300 known Asclepeions of the ancient world were the one of Trikki in Thessaly, where the worship of Asclepius started, the one of Epidaurus in Argolis and the one of Kos. The reputation of the Asclepeion of Kos reached its peak ever since Hippocrates, the leading physician of antiquity and founder of modern medicine, started teaching and treating patients there. The place where medicine left its magical and religious origins behind and was based purely on science for the very first time is located 4km northwest of the town of Kos on a hill that is filled with pines and cypresses. 
This archaeological site that is one of the biggest of the Aegean came to light after the destructive earthquakes of 1933 leveled many town blocks of the old “capital” of Kos. If you walk through the site you’ll get to see the street layout of the ancient city, public buildings, shrines, private houses, the agora and parts of the ancient port facilities. The remnants of the Arcade that was built during the 4th or the 3rd century BC stand out. The Arcade was divided in five consecutive chambers adjoining the walls.
A beehive tomb compound of the Hellenistic period was discovered at the Pyli settlement. It was dedicated to Harmylos, a local hero and creator of the regal lineage of Harmylians. Its floor is rectangular in shape and has rows of 6 graves on each of its two long sides. This shows that it was meant to be used as a family mausoleum. The façade of the building was decorated by a marble Ionic arcade. In recent years the church of the Holy Cross was built over the monument. The walls of the church were largely built using parts of the tomb compound.
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My Aegean
Co-financed by Greece and the European Union - European Regional Development Fund