Melanes is one of the oldest settlements of Naxos. In Flerio the first schools of sculpture operated and there stand the Kouros of Melanes dating back to the 6th century B.C. and the sanctuary of ancient springs. Another important monument is the countryside residence of the Jesuits. Here there is also the ancient aquaduct that brought water from the springs of Flerio and Melanes to Chora of Naxos. There are old watermills and taverns.